Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple)
As the name suggests, this tree’s most outstanding feature
is its bark. Much like a birch’s, the bark of this tree peels
back in paper-thin sheets to show a beautiful cinnamon
color. This maple is an import from China and, like most
maples from Asia, remains relatively small, growing to
25 feet in height.
Quercus × 'Crimschmidt' [sold as Crimson Spire™] (Crimson Spire Oak)
This tree combines the mildew resistant leaves and red
fall color of white oak with the narrow growth habit of
columnar English oak. It can grow to a height of 45 feet
with a crown spread of only 15 feet.
Morus rubra (Red Mulberry)
Due to its fast growth rate and ability to grow in almost
any conditions, this is often considered a weed tree. This
particular tree, however, has been trained over the years to
become a large, spreading shade tree.
Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak)
Shumard oak grows predominantly in the southeastern
U.S. Although closely related to red oak, the wood from this
tree is said to be stronger than that of red oak.
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)
Sugar maple, named for its sweet sap, provides much
more than maple syrup. These trees can be found in many
yards and parks, where their graceful form and shade are
appreciated. Children also enjoy playing with the familiar
helicopter seeds. Sugar maple is the state tree of New
York, Vermont, and Wisconsin.
Picea abies (Norway Spruce)
This popular variety of spruce has a pyramidal form and
graceful, drooping branchlets as the tree matures. The
Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak in the Midwest.
Asimina triloba (Common Pawpaw)
Due to the taste and texture of its fruit, this tree has been
called the Indiana banana. In the open, pawpaw will
grow to about 20 feet tall with a pyramidal shape. It has the
distinction of growing the largest tree fruit of any tree native
to the United States.
Prunus sargentii 'JFS-KW58' [sold as Pink Flair®] (Pink Flair Sargent Cherry)
This is an upright, narrow, vase-shaped tree. It has bright
pink flowers in the spring and the leaves turn an attractive
orange-red in the fall. It has a mature height of about
Quercus falcata (Southern Red Oak)
As the name suggests, this oak typically grows in the
southern portion of the United States. It is one of the most
common upland southern oaks but seems to have adapted
well to our cooler climate.
Platanus occidentalis (American Planetree)
The white, stark branches of sycamore haunt the creek
banks and bottomlands of the eastern U.S. Rapid growth
makes the sycamore popular for ornamental and pulpwood
uses. This space tree, which germinated in outer space,
was planted in spring 1990 by astronaut Jerry Ross and his
wife Karen (NASA food expert) to commemorate the impact
4-H experiences had on their lives.
Ulmus parvifolia 'Emer II' [sold as Allee®] (Allee Lacebark Elm)
Allee elm is one of several varieties of lacebark elm gaining
widespread acceptance as a tree well suited for urban
conditions. It has a vase shape similar to American elm
with an exfoliating bark that creates a beautiful mosaic of
orange, tan, and gray on mature trees. This tree is resistant
to Dutch elm disease and phloem necrosis.
Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine)
Austrian pine fills an important role as an ornamental tree.
This native of Europe graces roadside parks, cemeteries,
and campuses throughout the U.S.
Phellodendron amurense (Amur Corktree)
The corktree has large branches that grow in a picturesque
manner. The bark is gray and deeply ridged; while it may
resemble cork, it is not used in cork production. The inner
bark is a brilliant yellow color.
Quercus palustris (Pin Oak)
Pin oak is native to the Midwest but is commonly planted
throughout the U.S. The tree is predominantly used
for ornamental purposes. It is best known for its thick,
Quercus bicolor (Swamp White Oak)
Swamp white oak thrives on wet sites where most other
oaks fail. Its timber is excellent for both decorative and
Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum)
This is a tree with eye-catching features throughout much
of the year. It has a neat, pyramidal form that shows well
in all seasons. The leaves are a dark, glossy green in the
summer and turn to orange and scarlet in the fall. The
alligator hide-like bark is another striking characteristic.
Acer rubrum (Red Maple)
Red maple is commonly found throughout the eastern
U.S. and into Canada. This tree seeds in readily and grows
rapidly. It is a favored shade and ornamental tree with a
pleasing form and brilliant fall colors.
Ilex opaca 'Old Heavy Berry' (Old Heavy Berry American Holly)
This attractive tree displays spiny evergreen leaves and red
berries that are used during the Christmas season. It’s one
of the few trees that does not produce bark, but instead
retains its original outer layer of cells.
Fraxinus quadrangulata (Blue Ash)
Native to the United States, this ash can be identified by
its square twigs and scaly bark. When exposed, the inner
bark turns a shade of blue. It was used by early pioneers
to dye cloth.
Magnolia stellata (Star Magnolia)
This magnolia only grows to a height of 15 to 20 feet. It
has large (3 to 4 inch diameter), fragrant flowers with
Pinus bungeana (Lacebark Pine)
A good specimen tree with striking, showy bark, it can grow
up to 40 feet tall with a spread of about 25 feet.
Quercus imbricaria (Shingle Oak)
Shingle oak was given its name for its ability to produce a
quality, durable splitshake shingle. Its leaves cling to the tree
through most of the winter, creating ideal dens for squirrels.
Liriodendron tulipifera (Tuliptree)
The stately yellow poplar dwarfs many of its eastern
forest companions with a height of up to 200 feet and a
diameter of up to 12 feet. When constructing log cabins,
pioneers favored the tuliptree for its straightness and
termite resistance. Tulip is the state tree of Indiana,
Kentucky, and Tennessee.
Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas Fir)
Douglas fir is the most important timber species in the U.S.
Ranging throughout the western Rocky Mountains and the
Pacific Northwest, it is used to produce lumber, plywood,
Cornus officinalis (Japanese Cornel Dogwood)
One of the first plants to bloom, this tree is covered with
yellow flowers in early spring. Its attractive, exfoliating
bark is another striking feature. This tree is located north
of State Street between the Duhme Woods parking lot and
Quercus muehlenbergii (Chinquapin Oak)
Chinquapin oak is also known as the disguised oak.
Its leaves resemble those of chestnut and are commonly
misidentified. The wood provides strong and attractive
lumber. This tree is located north of State Street in Duhme
Woods, just south of Duhme Hall.